cPanel

Brief:

cPanel is a Linux-based web hosting control panel that provides a graphical interface and automation tools designed to simplify the process of hosting a web site. cPanel utilizes a 3 tier structure that provides capabilities for administrators, re sellers, and end-user website owners to control the various aspects of website and server administration through a standard web browser. In addition to the GUI, cPanel also has command line and API-based access that allows third party software vendors, web hosting organizations, and developers to automate standard system administration processes.

Need:

In current era everything is online. Every individual or company has their website no matter what field they are in. Whether they know the technology or not.
There are lot of things needs to be done when you get a website. For example, upload/download files, manage/configure email accounts and emails, managing databases, domain & sub domains, security etc. cPanel allows less technical people to operate these features very easily.

How It Works:

Some of the features are explained below.

FileManager - Your entire site—images, documents, 404 pages—is organized into folders. Use the File Manager interface to manage and edit your files. It allows Upload, Download, Code Edit, HTML Edit, Extract, Compress, Password Protect, Leech Protection and Manage Indices.
phpMyAdmin - phpMyAdmin is a third-party tool that you can use to manipulate MySQL databases.

MySQL® Databases - MySQL Databases allow you to manage large amounts of information over the web easily. They are necessary to run many web-based applications, such as bulletin boards, content management systems, and online retail shops.

Sub domains - Sub domains are subsections of your website that can exist as a new website without a new domain name. Use sub domains to create memorable URLs for different content areas of your site. For example, you can create a sub domain for your blog that is accessible through blog.example.com and www.example.com/blog
Advanced Zone Editor - Use the Advanced Zone Editor to add, edit, and remove A, AAAA, CNAME, SRV, and TXT DNS records.

Redirects - Redirects allow you to make a specific web page redirect to another page and display the contents of that page. This allows you to make a page with a long URL accessible through a page with a shorter, more memorable URL.

Site Publisher - Use the Site Publisher interface to quickly create simple websites from a variety of templates. You can use this feature, for example, to ensure that visitors can find your contact information while you design a more elaborate website.

Email Accounts - Use the Email Accounts interface to manage the email account associated with your domains.

Forwarders - Forwarders allow you to allow you to forward any incoming email from one address to another. For example, if you have two different email accounts, joe@example.com and joseph@example.com, you could forward joe@example.com to joseph@example.com and eliminate the need to check both accounts.

MX Entry -
 An MX Entry allows you to route a domain's incoming mail to a specific server. Use this feature if you want to create a backup mail exchanger to handle email even when your server is down.

Mailing Lists - Mailing Lists allow you to use a single email address to send email to multiple email addresses.

Track Delivery - Use Track Delivery to review email delivery attempts. You can also use this feature to trace an email's delivery route. These can be useful if you need to locate problems with email delivery.

Autoresponders - Use Autoresponders to send automated emails to anyone who messages a specific account. This can be useful if you are on vacation or unavailable, or if you have a generic message that you wish to send from a support email address.

Default Address - The Default Address feature allows you to set up a default address that receives any mail that is sent to an invalid email address for the domain. The default address is also commonly called a “catch-all address.”

SSH Access - Use SSH Access to connect to your sever remotely, through the command line, with strong authentication and secure communications.

IP Blocker - Prevent access to your site from a range of IP addresses with the IP Blocker. If you enter a fully qualified domain name, this feature will attempt to resolve it to an IP address.

SSL/TLS - Use the SSL/TLS Manager to manage SSL/TLS keys, certificates, and signing requests and enhance your website's security.

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